Intel Corp executives have raised the possibility of licensing chipmaking technology from outside firms, a move that could see it exchanging manufacturing secrets with rival Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd (TSMC) or Samsung Electronics Co Ltd.
Intel is one of the few remaining semiconductor firms that both designs and manufactures its own chips, but the business model has come into question in recent years as the company lost its manufacturing lead to the Taiwanese and Korean companies.
One option urged by some investors would be to outsource manufacturing. The company said, however, on Thursday that while it plans to increase its use of outside factories, the majority of its 2023 products would be made internally.
But licensing technology could help Intel avoid major investments in rivals' factories that outsourcing deals would likely entail.
"Broadly speaking, that may mean sharing technologies that we have that they could use or leveraging technologies that others have developed that we can use as well," outgoing Chief Executive Bob Swan told an earnings call.
That said, questions remain over how much a licensing deal would cost and whether a rival firm would even be interested.
Intel did not name companies it might license from but TSMC and Samsung are its only competitors for high-end chips.
"It seems a little weird to me that TSMC would give away to the keys to the kindgom unless there's a sizeable payment that went with it," said Stacy Rasgon, an analyst with Bernstein.