The Nobel Prize in physics 2020 was announced on Tuesday. This year the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics one half to Roger Penrose and and the other half jointly to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez.
Göran K Hansson, secretary for the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, said at Tuesday's ceremony in Stockholm that this year's prize was about "the darkest secrets of universe."
British scientist Roger Penrose has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity."
Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy."
Roger Penrose, a professor at the University of Oxford, worked with fellow physicist Stephen Hawking to merge Einstein's theory of relativity with quantum theory to suggest that space and time would begin with the Big Bang and end in black holes.
Andrea Ghez, a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, is only the fourth woman to win a Nobel physics prize. It was awarded to a woman for the first time in 55 years in 2018.
"I think today I feel more passionate about the teaching side of my job than I have ever," she said after the announcement, reports the CNN.
"Because it's so important to convince the younger generation that their ability to question, and their ability to think, is just crucial to the future of the world."
"I'm thrilled to receive the prize and I take very seriously the responsibility associated with being, as you said the fourth woman to win the Nobel Prize. I hope I can inspire other young women in the field," Ghez added.
Reinhard Genzel is director at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching, Germany and a professor at the University of California, Berkeley.
"The discoveries of this year's Laureates have broken new ground in the study of compact and supermassive objects," David Haviland, chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics, said on awarding the 10 million Swedish crown ($1.1 million) prize.
($1 = 8.9108 Swedish crowns)