People have been consuming chicken eggs for hundreds of years as a primary source of protein and micronutrients.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) projected that global egg consumption will rise to 8.9 kg per person annually by 2030 in developing countries. At the same time, egg consumption is projected to rise to 13.8 kg per person in developed countries.
Countries across the globe grasped the increasing global demand of egg as an opportunity to expand their business empire. Those who are leading global trade and commerce are leading in egg production too.
Here is a glimpse of the key players in egg production.
China ranks highest in egg production as it produces about 466 billion eggs annually. The top egg-producing provinces in China are Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Liaoning, and Jiangsu.
About 109 billion eggs are produced annually in the United States ranking it in the second position. The five biggest egg-producing states in the US are Indiana, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Iowa, and California.
India is third in egg production as about 95 billion eggs are produced there annually. The leading egg-producing states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Haryana, and Punjab.
Mexico is fourth in world egg production, at about 57 billion eggs are produced annually. Although hit by H7N3 Avian Influenza earlier, it is recovering fast to remain a world-class egg-producer in Latin America. The top areas in Mexico for egg production are Veracruz, Torreon, Campeche, Guanajuato, and Yucatan.
Brazil makes it to the fifth spot in global egg production, with about 54 billion eggs produced annually. The top states in Brazil in egg production are Sao Paulo, Espirito Santo, Rio Grande do Sul, Goias, and Santa Catarina. Decreased egg exports to Africa have affected its egg production and market, although domestic egg consumption in the country has increased.
Although countries belonging to European Union combinedly produce more eggs than the United States, no single country from the EU produces more eggs than these five hence they have been excluded from the list. The data is based on figures released by the Food and Agriculture Organisation in June this year.