Australia started shutting down pubs, clubs, gyms and houses of worship today after a jump in coronavirus cases and after thousands disregarded social distancing advice and crowded beaches, bars and restaurants.
After an initial slow rate of infection, the number of COVID-19 cases in Australia has now surpassed 1,100 with the south-eastern states of Victoria and New South Wales recording the highest number of cases.
"There will be no more going to the pub after work, no more going to the gym in the morning, and no more sitting down for brunch at a cafe," Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison told parliament on Monday morning.
The leader described the immense health and economic challenges as the "toughest year of our lives" and warned Australians to prepare for a shutdown that could last six months.
Despite calls to practice social distancing, some Australians ignored the warnings with thousands flocking to Bondi Beach and frequenting restaurants and bars in recent days.
Morrison said on Sunday that sweeping new measures were needed to enforce social distancing, ordering non-essential services, including indoor sporting venues, pubs, cinemas, bars and places of worship be closed from midday Monday.
Local authorities have also been closing beaches to disperse crowds amid a warm autumn spell, while cafes and restaurants will be able to only offer takeaway and delivery services.
Supermarkets, pharmacies, freight and retail will continue to trade.
Listed Australian companies severely exposed to the curbs on public life, including casinos and retailers, started requesting share trading halts early on Monday.
The benchmark index plunged more than 8% at the open, a day after the government pledged an extra A$66.4 billion ($38.06 billion) to combat the impact of the coronavirus.While parts of the package require parliamentary approval, the opposition Labor party said it will support the legislation.
With scores of people already unemployed, hundreds of Australians lined up outside government offices in Sydney and Melbourne on Monday to register for social security payments, according to two Reuters' witnesses.
Many tried to practice social distancing as lines stretched around the block.
Several Australian states have taken further precautionary measures, with Western Australia and South Australia announcing tighter border restrictions at the weekend.
On Monday, Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews said that schools would be closed from Tuesday, and plans were in place for remote learning.
"If people simply behave as normal, if they don't take this seriously, if they act selfishly, then people will die," Andrews said on Monday.
"I can't be any clearer than that."
Schools will remain open in New South Wales, although parents have been encouraged to keep their children at home.
In neighbouring Papua New Guinea, a state of emergency has been declared after the country recorded its first case of the virus, while the tiny island of Guam, an American island territory in Micronesia, recorded the Pacific islands region's first coronavirus fatality.