Russia has banned investors from so-called unfriendly countries from selling shares in key energy projects and banks until the end of the year, stepping up pressure in the sanctions stand-off with the West.
Western countries and allies, including Japan, have piled financial restrictions on Russia since it sent troops into Ukraine in late February. Moscow retaliated with obstacles for Western businesses and their allies leaving Russia, and in some cases seized their assets.
The decree, signed by President Vladimir Putin and published on Friday, immediately bans investors from countries which supported sanctions on Russia from selling their assets in production sharing agreements (PSA), banks, strategic entities, companies producing energy equipment, as well as in other projects, from oil and gas production to coal and nickel.
Putin could issue a special waiver in certain cases for the deals to go ahead, the decree said, and the government and the central bank should prepare a list of banks for the Kremlin's approval. The decree mentioned no investors by name.
Taking the Hit
The ban covers almost all big financial and energy projects where foreign investors still have stakes, including the Sakhalin-1 oil and gas project.
On Thursday, Russian state oil champion Rosneft (ROSN.MM) blamed Exxon Mobil for falling output at the Sakhalin-1 group of fields, after the US energy major said it was in the process of transferring its 30% stake "to another party."
Separately, a government decree signed on 2 August gave foreign investors at the Sakhalin-2 liquefied natural gas (LNG) project - Royal Dutch Shell and Japanese trading houses Mitsui & Co and Mitsubishi Corp - a month to claim their stakes in a new entity which will replace the existing project.
The new decree does not cover the Sakhalin-2 project, it said.
Exxon declined to comment. On Thursday, before the ban, Exxon said it has made significant progress exiting the Sakhalin-1 venture and that the pull out is a complex process. As a former operator, Exxon has "an obligation to ensure the safety of people, protection of the environment and integrity of operations," spokesperson Casey Norton said on Thursday.
Shell was looking for options to withdraw from the project while Japan's government reiterated its wish for the Japanese companies to maintain their stakes there.
Italy's UniCredit and Intesa, US group Citi and Austria's Raiffeisen continue to search for options to exit Russia, while others such as Societe Generale, (ROSB.MM) and HSBC have found a way out.
Citigroup declined to comment on Friday, but on Thursday, the bank said in a filing it will continue to reduce its operations and exposures to Russia.
Citigroup has ceased soliciting any new business or new clients in Russia, it said.
Citigroup disclosed $8.4 billion in Russia exposure as of June 30, compared with $7.9 billion at the end of the first quarter. The exposure rose due to a rise in the value of the ruble.