UAE tops Global Entrepreneurship Monitor index

Global Economy

TBS Report
16 February, 2023, 12:45 pm
Last modified: 16 February, 2023, 12:58 pm
UAE topped the list in the GEM National Entrepreneurship Context Index (NECI) for the second consecutive year

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) stood at the number one position in Global Entrepreneurship Monitor's (GEM) index, said 2022/2023 GEM global report,  Adapting to a "New Normal" released today. 

Based on interviews with over 175,000 individuals and experts from 51 economies, the report tracks the percentage of adults who are starting or running a new business (referred to as Total early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity or TEA).

UAE topped the list in the GEM National Entrepreneurship Context Index (NECI) for the second consecutive year. The NECI results are based on the scores of the framework conditions for each of the 51 economies participating in GEM. At least 36 experts, often more, are selected for their expertise by the GEM National Team and approved by GEM to assess statements that make up the scores. As the same questions are asked in all economies, scores can be compared across countries.

In 2022, the UAE ranked first for seven of the 13 Framework Conditions and number one overall.

GEM defines the entrepreneurial context of a particular economy in terms of 13 different characteristics, labelled the Entrepreneurship Framework Conditions (EFCs):

Countries have experienced variable impacts from the pandemic. Among the 38 economies that participated in GEM research both in 2019 (prior to the pandemic) and 2022, there were 12 that had a substantially higher level of TEA in 2022 compared to pre-pandemic, and 16 in which TEA dramatically levels fell.

Meanwhile, in 10 of those economies, there was minimal change. All regions and income levels are represented in each group.

The pandemic's impact on entrepreneurial perceptions has also been highly varied. Of the 38 economies participating in the GEM's Adult Population Survey (APS) in both 2019 and in 2022, there were 12 economies in which the percentage of adults seeing good local opportunities to start a business fell by five points or more. There were another nine economies in which that percentage actually increased by more than five points.

One explanation for these differences may be the level of support that governments were willing (and able) to offer to businesses and households during the pandemic.

"Our aspiration at GEM is clear: to provide transparency to policymakers so that they can make better decisions to truly promote entrepreneurship, understanding the specific national conditions, and also observe and act on the impact of their decision-making over time," said Professor José Ernesto Amorós, GEM–GERA Board chairperson and a member of the GEM Mexico team.

Fear of failure is a serious constraint on business startups in many economies from all income groups. In a number of economies, high proportions of adults agree that starting a business is relatively easy, and see good opportunities to start a business locally, while also considering themselves to have the skills and experience to create a startup.

However, around half of those seeing such opportunities are nevertheless deterred from taking action by fear of failure.

"Access to educational programs specifically focused on risk assessment and mitigation coupled with policies that reduce the perceived personal costs of failure could unleash a significant, and pent-up, wave of entrepreneurial activity," said Jeffrey Shay, a professor at Babson College and one of the 10 co-authors of the report.

"Entrepreneurship remains a high priority in the United Arab Emirates, with the recently launched 'Projects of the 50' targeting the next 50 years of development," said Teemu Kautonen, a professor at the United Arab Emirates University leading the GEM UAE National Team.

"These results point to the success of recent government initiatives and the efforts of all stakeholders in our entrepreneurial ecosystem."

"The EFCs are derived from more than two decades of GEM research, experience and knowledge," said GEM Executive Director Aileen Ionescu-Somers.

"The state of the EFCs can encourage and enable, or discourage and constrain, both the new start and any subsequent growth and development. The quality of the  EFCs is directly influenced by governmental policy, and therefore GEM's NECI can be a useful strategic tool for policy decision makers that are seeking to cultivate entrepreneurship, build a robust entrepreneurship ecosystem and empower entrepreneurs."

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