India bowled out Australia for 195 before stumps on day one of the second Test at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on Saturday.
Paceman Jasprit Bumrah finished with 4-56, with spinner Ravichandran Ashwin taking 3-35. Debutant Mohammad Siraj bagged two.
Marnus Labuschagne was the top scorer with 48 to his name, Travis Head bagged 38. Steve Smith went for a duck.
Australia couldn't reach 200 in their first innings for the second match running.
Australia lead the series 1-0 after beating India by eight wickets in the first test in Adelaide.