China is bracing itself for an annual homecoming of epic proportions as the Chunyun period begins.
Chunyun is the 40-day period when Chinese people head home to celebrate the Lunar New Year Spring Festival with their families. It is considered the largest human migration on the planet, reports CNN.
The event officially began on January 10 and will end on February 18.
With the Spring Festival rush, workers begin their journey home, which overlaps with the peak time when college students begin winter holidays; this puts a big strain on the nation's infrastructure.
Some 3 billion trips are expected to be made during the 2020 Chunyun period, a slight increase from last year's figure of 2.99 billion trips.
2.43 billion trips will be made by automobile (1.2 percent fewer than last year), 440 million by rail (a rise of 8 percent), 79 million by air (an 8.4 percent increase) and 45 million by sea (a 9.6 percent increase).
China has already planned ahead to cope with the staggering number.
On Thursday, a day before Chunyun officially began, China's State Council Information Office hosted a joint press conference with seven departments including the National Development and Resort Commission and the Ministry of Transport to announce this year's stats and the special measures taken for this year's Spring Festival rush.
China already boasts the world's largest rail network. The country has built 8,489 kilometers (about 5,275 miles) of new railway lines in 2019, including 5,474 kilometers of high-speed rail.
The Beijing-Zhangjiakou high-speed railway – which features driverless bullet trains operating at 350 kilometers per hour – and the Chengdu-Guiyang high-speed railway are two highlights among the openings that will ease the normally heavy road traffic in the northern and western regions of China.
Some 5,275 pairs of train services will operate per day before the Lunar New Year holiday and 5,410 after.
More high-speed trains, with a total of 157.5 pairs of trains per night, will be deployed at night during the peak period.
"Compared to Chunyun last year, ticket shortage problems for some of the most popular routes have been alleviated," said Li Wenxin, vice general manager of the China State Railway Group Co Ltd at the press conference.
"It's easier to get tickets [this year]."
Apart from the peak travel days (Jan 20-22 and Jan 31-Feb 1), many of the previously sold-out routes still have tickets available.
New tech will play a part in easing congestion at train stations, highways and airports.
More than 1,000 train stations in the country have been installed with e-ticket check-in system to speed up ticketing procedures.
Last year also saw the opening of the long-awaited Beijing Daxing International Airport.
The Civil Aviation Administration of China estimated that the new airport in the capital city will ferry 190 million passengers during the Lunar New Year period, with 15 percent more flights than usual.
In addition to featuring technology to help flying in low visibility, to reduce the chances of flight delays during adverse weather conditions, Daxing International Airport has also adopted facial recognition and automated technologies to increase efficiency.
Airports around China have scheduled at least 17,000 flights every day, 13.3 percent higher than last year, to deal with the traffic.
Wang Yang, chief engineer of the Ministry of Transport, said that about 790,000 buses and 19,000 boats will be utilised to ferry home-comers.
Some 330,000 kilometres of highway has also been built and expanded.
Shortly before the Spring Festival rush, the country implemented an electronic collection system at all the toll booths at provincial borders.