Asian equities markets rallied on March 24 as investors bet the US Federal Reserve's promise of unlimited dollar funding would ease painful strains in financial markets even if it could not stop the economic hit of the coronavirus epidemic.
While Wall Street seemed unimpressed, investors in Asia were encouraged enough to lift E-Mini futures for the S&P 500 by 4.2% and Japan's Nikkei shot up 7.13%, its biggest daily rise since February 2016.
The prospects for Tuesday's European session also looked brighter as EUROSTOXXX 50 futures and FTSE futures both rose 4.9%.
MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan jumped 4.9%, to more than halve Monday's drop.
South Korea's ravaged market climbed 8.6% after the government doubled a planned economic rescue package to 100 trillion won ($80 billion).
K2 Asset Management head of research George Boubouras said despite gains on Tuesday in Asian equities, financial market sentiment remained fragile even as the co-ordinated stimulus measures were implemented around the world.
"The biggest trigger for positive sentiment in these markets will be a flattening of the trajectory for the virus,' he told Reuters by phone from Melbourne.
"Economies around the world are going offline and that is devastating for economic activity, it's creating the most robust dislocation in financial markets in living memory."
Central banks and governments, he said, needed to implement 'bold and innovative' monetary and fiscal policies to stave off the prospect of a damaging credit crunch hitting global financial systems.
"It is not a credit crunch yet and it liquidity measures are critical to stopping that," he said.
Macquarie Wealth Management divisional director Martin Lakos said the speed of the equity market decline made the current sell-off arguably worse then the 2008 global financial crisis.
"The falls that we have seen have been breathtaking, and it is the speed of those declines that have caught people by surprise," he said.
"If the number of cases start to stabilize, and that gives investors confidence then we could start to see them revert to fundamentals. Markets are not trading on fundamentals right now."
In its latest mold-breaking step, the Fed offered to buy unlimited amounts of assets to steady markets and expanded its mandate to corporate and municipal bonds.
Analysts estimated the package could make $4 trillion or more in loans to non-financial firms.
"What they did, more than just starting up some new programs, was to drive home they are willing to do whatever it takes," said Tom Porcelli, chief US economist at RBC Capital Markets. "We would not call into question their resolve."
The plan helped calm nerves in bond markets where yields on two-year Treasuries hit their lowest since 2013. Ten-year yields were at 0.8339%, from last week's peak of 1.28%.
Still, analysts cautioned it would do little to offset the near-term economic damage done by mass lockdowns and layoffs.
Speculation is mounting data due on Thursday will show US jobless claims rose an eye-watering 1 million last week, with forecasts ranging as high as 4 million.
Economists at JPMorgan expect claims to surge by a record 1.5 million and forecast a 14% annualized fall in US gross domestic product for the second quarter. They see European GDP down almost 24% and Latin America 12%.
A range of flash surveys on European and US manufacturing for March are due later on Tuesday and are expected to show deep declines into recessionary territory.
Surveys from Japan showed its services sector shrank at the fastest pace on record in March and factory activity at the quickest in about a decade.
Dollar Off Highs
For now, the prospect of massive US dollar funding from the Fed saw the currency ease back to 110.32 yen from Monday's one-month top of 111.56.
The euro bounced 0.5% to $1.0797, up from a three-year trough of $1.0635. The dollar index slipped 0.4% to 101.720 and off a three-year peak of 102.99.
Commodity and emerging market currencies that suffered most during the recent asset rout also benefited from the Fed's steadying hand. The Australian dollar climbed 1.8% to $0.5937 and away from a 17-year low of $0.5510.
Gold surged in the wake of the Fed's pledge of yet more cheap money, and was last up 1% at $1,569.70 per ounce having rallied from a low of $1,484.65 on Monday.
There were also signs that gold metal itself was in short supply with the premium on exchange for physical blowing out.
Oil prices also bounced after recent savage losses, with US crude up $1.08 cents at $24.44 barrel. Brent crude firmed $1.09 to $28.12.